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    Anorectal Conditions And Procedures

    The term anorectal refers to conditions related to the anus or rectum. While discussing these issues might be embarrassing, living with them can be downright painful. The providers at Novant Health Charlotte Colon & Rectal Surgery have years of experience diagnosing and treating anorectal conditions. They work to listen to your concerns, understand your condition and determine the treatment plan that is right for you.

    Listed below you will find information about some of the most common anorectal conditions, along with potential treatments. If you do not see a condition you are interested in listed here, or if you would like to discuss any of these conditions with a provider in our office, please call us at 704-333-1259.

    • Fissures: An anal fissure is a small tear in the skin lining the opening of the anus. Fissures can cause severe pain and bleeding, especially after bowel movements. Anal fissures can be caused by hard or difficult bowel movements. Changes in diet resulting in softer stools, as well as topical anesthetics to reduce pain, are common nonsurgical treatments. If surgery is required, your surgeon will work to relax the anal area so there is less anal pain. Click here to learn more about anal fissures.
    • Abscesses or Fistulas: An anal abscess is a cavity filled with pus near the anus or rectum. A fistula is a tunnel that forms under the skin and connects infected glands within the anus to the abscess. You can have a fistula without an abscess. In these cases, the fistula connects infected glands to the skin's surface. An anal fissure is often the result of an anal abscess. These conditions are often caused by infections or conditions like Crohn's disease. Pain and swelling, as well as fatigue, are signs of abscesses or fistulas. Surgery might be required to drain an abscess or correct a fistula. To learn more about signs of the conditions as well as treatment and recovery, please click here.
    • Hemorrhoids: More than half of individuals will develop hemorrhoids at some point in their lives. Hemorrhoids are enlarged blood vessels in the anus or rectum. They can be internal or external and can cause pain and bleeding, especially during bowel movements. There is no definitive cause of hemorrhoids, although aging, chronic constipation or diarrhea and even pregnancy are known to be contributing factors. Diet changes resulting in less difficult bowel movements are one of the first treatment suggestions, along with over-the-counter pain relievers. If hemorrhoids do not respond to these treatments, surgical procedures can shrink or remove hemorrhoids. Click here to read more.
    • Polyps: Polyps are abnormal growths on the lining of the colon or rectum. They occur in 15 to 20 percent of adults. Many are painless, but others can cause bleeding, abnormal discharge or abdominal pain. Many polyps are found during colonoscopies. Some are linked to cancer. Once a polyp is discovered, removal is recommended. This is because there is no way to tell which polyps could become cancerous. Most smaller polyps can be removed simply and nearly painlessly during a colonoscopy, while bigger polyps might require surgery. To learn more about polyps, their diagnosis and their removal, click here.